To fully understand why glycolic acid is good for skin, it is important to understand skin’s natural exfoliation process. Every month your skin sheds dull, dead skin cells to reveal newer, healthier cells underneath. On average, this natural exfoliation or cellular turnover occurs every 28 days in young adults. However, as skin ages, cellular turnover becomes more sluggish, resulting in a buildup of dead skin cells that contributes to dull skin, or uneven tone and texture.
Glycolic acid is an essential ingredient that helps slough away dead and dehydrated skin cells on the surface layer of the skin. Unlike abrasive mechanical exfoliants that can tear the skin and cause inflammation, glycolic acid efficiently dissolves the bonds that bind surface dead cells to the skin, providing a gentle, yet effective exfoliation. This accelerated rate of cellular turnover promotes skin clarity and a more even skin tone and skin texture